Urdu Language History

The Hindustani Language

The Urdu language is an Indo-Aryan language with about 230 million speakers, most of whom are in Pakistan. It is the national language of Pakistan and one of the official languages of India. The Urdu Language has a rich history, and it’s an important part of the culture in both countries.

Urdu developed from Sanskrit and Persian, which was then influenced by other languages over time. It is mainly spoken in Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, and New Delhi (India) as well as Islamabad (Pakistan).

In this article, we’re going to explore the history of this language.


Urdu alphabets

The Urdu alphabet is based on the Persian alphabet. Most of the letters are similar to their Hindi counterparts, with a few exceptions. The Urdu language uses both the Perso-Arabic and Devanagari scripts, which can be confusing for some learners.

The Urdu alphabet is very important in terms of writing and reading the language. It can be difficult to learn at first, but it’s definitely worth the effort. With a little practice, you’ll be able to read and write Urdu like a pro!


Urdu origin

Urdu is a language that is derived from Sanskrit and Persian. It has been influenced by a variety of other languages over the years, which has given it its unique character. The language is mainly spoken in Pakistan and India and is an important part of the culture in both countries.

The Urdu alphabet has 36 letters. Most of the letters are similar to their Hindi counterparts, with a few exceptions. The Urdu language uses both the Perso-Arabic and Devanagari scripts, which can be confusing for some learners.

The Urdu language has a rich history and is an important part of the culture in both Pakistan and India.


Learn Urdu

Urdu is a difficult language to learn for English speakers. The grammar is quite complex, and the pronunciation can be challenging. However, with enough practice, it is possible to learn Urdu relatively quickly.

There are many resources available to help you learn Urdu. There are online courses, textbooks, and even podcasts that can help you get started. There are also many Urdu-language websites and forums where you can find native speakers to help you practice.

Once you have learned the basics of the language, be sure to use it as often as possible. Try speaking with friends or family members who know Urdu or watch Pakistani or Indian movies and TV shows to get a better sense of the culture. With a little effort, you’ll be able to master the Urdu language in no time!

Scriptures of various religions are written using different scripts. These scripts also influence the writing style. The Sanskrit, Persian and Arabic languages have had a great impact on Urdu Language.

Language is influenced by religion because it is closely associated with people who practice it.

The number of Urdu speakers has increased dramatically since 1947 due to the partition of India. People who migrated from India to Pakistan had to learn this language for communication.

These people took Urdu with themselves wherever they went, which led to its widespread use in different countries around the world.

Urdu language is considered as the national language of Pakistan. It plays an important role in literature, politics, and education in this country. It is also one of the official languages in India together with Hindi.

Many languages have influenced Urdu Language throughout its history. Arabic and Persian had a great impact on its vocabulary and writing style. The Sanskrit and Hindi words had a lot of influence on the Urdu language which is evident in the writing style.


Urdu words

Urdu has a rich vocabulary that is derived from a variety of different languages. The language has been influenced by Sanskrit, Persian, Arabic, and a variety of other languages over the years. This has resulted in a unique and diverse lexicon that is used in both Pakistan and India.

Some of the most common Urdu words include:

  • “bazaar”: A market or shopping district.
  • “chai”: Tea.
  • “kurta”: A men’s shirt that is typically worn on formal occasions.
  • “shawl”: A type of scarf or wrap that is often worn around the shoulders.


Urdu phrases

Urdu has a rich and diverse vocabulary that is used in both Pakistan and India. In addition to words, the language also has a variety of phrases that are commonly used. Some of the most common Urdu phrases include:

  • “Aap kaise hain?”: How are you?
  • “Khuda Hafiz”: Goodbye.
  • “Mujhe mat puchna”: Don’t ask me.
  • “Tera bhai kaun hai?”: Who is your brother?

and many more…


Urdu language origin

Urdu began in northern India around Delhi in the 12th century. It was based on the dialect spoken in the area around Delhi, which was profoundly influenced by Arabic and Persian, as well as Turkish.

Urdu’s origins are similar to those of Hindi, which is sometimes referred to as a “sister language” of Urdu since they both have a comparable structural foundation.

However, Hindi was written in the Devanagari script, which is also used for Sanskrit, and its lexicon reflects more of a Sanskrit influence rather than a Persian or Arabic influence.

During the 14th and 15th centuries, a lot of poetry and writing in Urdu emerged. Urdu is more often connected with Muslims from the Indian subcontinent nowadays, but Hindu and Sikh writers have produced several significant works in it.

After the creation of Pakistan in 1947, Urdu was designated as the country’s national language. Today, Urdu is spoken all around the world, including Britain, Canada, the United States, the Middle East, and India. In fact, there are more Urdu speakers in India than there are in Pakistan.



Overall, Urdu has a long history that is closely associated with various religions in the Indian subcontinent. The language has evolved over time with influences from different languages, especially Arabic and Persian.

There are Urdu speakers all around the world today, including in both Pakistan and India. With its rich lexicon, Urdu can be used for communication between people from different parts of the world.


Contact Renaissance Translations to discuss your Urdu translation project!

To guarantee a qualified resource is always available when needed, we have pooled the talents of native translators and thousands of linguists internationally. If you want to discuss your Urdu Translation Services, please contact our project managers at info@renaissance-translations.com or call us on 0161 3940408.