Hindi Language History

The official language of the Indian Union government is the Hindi language, an Indo-European language primarily spoken in northern and central India. It is a member of an Indic dialect continuum bordering Nepali to the north, Punjabi to the northwest, Sindhi to the west, Urdu to the southeast, Gujarati to the southwest, Marathi to the southeast, and Oriya to the east.


With more than 425 million people using the Hindi language as their primary language and an additional 120 million more using the language of India as their second language, it is obvious why getting professional English to Hindi translations of your content is essential. Our translators are familiar with all the dialects of the Hindi language. They can help perfect your content for your Hindi audience.

History of the Language of India

The history of the Hindi language dates back to the seventh or eighth century. The Devnagari scripted dialect of the language of India, known as Khariboli, has been designated as the nation’s official tongue. Brajbhasa, Bundeli, Awadhi, Marwari, Maithili, and Bhojpuri are other varieties of the language of India.


Adikal (the Early Period), Bhaktikal (the Devotional Period), Ritikal (the Scholastic Period), and Adhunikkal are the four periods that make up the history of literature in the Hindi language.

  • The Early Period of Adikal period began in the middle of the 10th century and lasted until the start of the 14th century.
  • The Devotional Period, also known as Bhakti Kal, lasted from the fourteenth through the seventeenth centuries.
  • Based on their subject, the poets of Ritikal or The Scholastic Period, you can divide them into two groups: Ritibaddha, those committed to rhetorics, and Ritimukta, free from rhetorical conventions.
  • The age of Bharatendu or the Renaissance, Dwivedi Yug, Chhayavada Yug, and the Contemporary Period are the four phases of modern literature in the Hindi language, starting from the mid-1800s onwards. Bharatendu Harishchandra is the “Father of Modern Hindi Writing” because he introduced a contemporary perspective to the language of India’s literature. Later, Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi adopted this viewpoint. Dwivedi, a reformer at heart, introduced a sophisticated writing technique to poetry in the Hindi language that later took on a more profound moral undertone.

The Mixture of Hindi and Urdu

The Khariboli language, spoken in the areas near Delhi, is where Hindi language and Urdu got their start. Between the eighth and tenth centuries AD, during the time of Islamic invasions and the formation of Muslim control in the north of India, the Afghans, Persians, and Turks adopted Khariboli as a shared tongue of interaction with the local populace. With time, it evolved into the language known as Urdu, which heavily borrows from Arabic and Persian and employs the Perso-Arabic script. It was additionally referred to as “mixed language.”


A hybrid of the language of India and Urdu called Hindustani exists between the two languages. Long before India gained independence, Hindi-Urdu, or so-called Hindustani, became the country’s primary language due to historical, cultural, and linguistic similarities among Indian languages. Our translators at Renaissance Translations have experience with Hindustani. They can provide this specific translation dialect if needed when performing their English to Hindi translation services.

Modern Day Hindi

Sanskrit has had a significant influence on literary Hindi, as it’s written in the Devanagari alphabet. The Khari Boli dialect, spoken to the east and north of Delhi, provides the basis for its standard form. The 15th through the 19th-century literary form Braj Bhasha, along with Awadhi, Bagheli, Bhojpuri, Bundeli, Chhattisgarhi, Garhwali, Haryanawi, Kanauji, Kumayuni, Magahi, and Marwari, are frequently regarded as dialects of the Hindi language.


Hindi is extensively spoken throughout cities like Mumbai, Chandigarh, Ahmedabad, Kolkata, and Hyderabad, all of which have sizable populations of residents from different regions of India but also speak their own native languages. Many nations, notably Fiji, Mauritius, Guyana, Suriname, South Africa, and Trinidad and Tobago, classify regional dialects of Hindi as minority languages.


Eastern Hindi and Western Hindi are the two historical divisions of the Hindi region that speak the language of India. Eastern Hindi is primarily spoken in Awadhi, Bagheli, and Chhattisgarhi dialects. Haryanvi, Brajbhasha, Bundeli, Kanuji, and Khariboli are the Western Hindi dialects. The two main variants of Western Hindi, Kanauji and Bundeli, border Eastern Hindi on the west and the Nepalese language on the north. Oriya and the Bhojpuri variant of Bihari form Eastern Hindi’s eastern border, and it encounters Marathi dialects to the south. Western Hindi encompasses the majority of Bundelkhand and a small portion of the central provinces on the east side. It reaches the foot of the Himalayas in the north and the Jamuna valley in the south.


The majority of regional language speakers believe they are speaking a dialect of the language of India. The usage of these local languages or dialects in public settings are a symptom of low education, largely to blame for the urban middle class and educated villages throughout the zone claiming to speak the Hindi language. In other words, knowing the standard Hindi language confers on people in this region the same level of status as speaking English confers on people in the south of India; both are languages of social advancement. Thus, the standard Hindi language is common in everyday conversation by those looking for new jobs, marriage partners, and the like.


For this reason, having your content translated professionally with English to Hindi translation from a company like Renaissance Translation ensures your content is not only understood by the people you are targeting but also that it gets your message across in the proper way due to cultural standards.

Professional English to Hindi Translation Services

Our staff of Hindi linguists at Renaissance Translations can translate text into all major languages, including English to Hindi translation and Hindi to English. Our qualified English to Hindi linguists can help you complete the task quickly, whether you need expert translation or proofreading services. Additionally, our team can offer English to Hindi translation services for various businesses and content kinds, including marketing, law, finance, and more. To discuss your unique English to Hindi translation project needs, contact us.