Farsi Language History

The language of Rumi

Farsi, formerly the Persian language, is a member of the Iranian branch of Indo-European languages. About 70 million people worldwide, mainly in Iran, speak the Farsi language. Another 50 million people speak Farsi in Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Iraq, and Azerbaijan. Farsi or Persian translators providing Farsi to English translations live in almost every country.

With over 110 million speakers across the globe, the Persian language is an extremely popular language in Iran and Afghanistan. The Farsi language is also one of the official languages of both countries. The mystical poetry of Rumi and Hafez, also known as “Hafiz,” is popular in the Persian language.

There are plenty of examples of the way that the Persian language has influenced other languages. For example, take a look at the origin of the following words: “pajama,” “khaki,” “jasmine,” and “bazaar.” All of these words have one thing in common and have their origin in the Farsi language. Eventually, these words made their way from Farsi to English.

The Farsi language has a rich history among people from the Middle East to India. Currently, there are two major variations of the Persian language. It also includes the variation of the language spoken in countries like Afghanistan and Pakistan. This variation of the Persian language is called Dari Persian.

 

Origins & Roots of the Persian Language

The Persian language has roots in the West Iranian group of languages. This group of languages also includes other languages spoken in the region such as Tajik and Dari. West Iran is one of the two subgroups of the Indo-Iranian family of languages. The Farsi language is not understood as commonly as it was in the past. However, Indo-Iranian languages are still spoken extensively in the region. Keep reading to learn more about Farsi to English translation.

The Persian language comes in many different scripts. These scripts include the Old Persian Cuneiform, Aramaic, Avestan, Cyrillic, and Latin alphabets. The Islamic conquest of the Persian Sassanian Empire took place in 642 AD. After that, Arabic became the language of government, culture, and especially religion. Modern Persian appeared during the 9th century and used different versions of the Arabic script.

 

Influence of Persian 

The Persian language has had a considerable influence on neighboring languages, especially Urdu. The Persian alphabet adds four letters to the Arabic alphabet, and also modifies some letters from the Arabic alphabet. Writing the letters in their original Arabic form is not typically incorrect. Obviously, Arabic has greatly influenced the Farsi language. This fact explains why there are so many common words in both languages.

The Persian language, as we know it today, came from inscriptions of the Achaemenid Dynasty. This is the dynasty that ruled the region until the conquest of Alexander the Great. A new language developed from those inscriptions and people nowadays call it the Old Persian period in the history of the Farsi language.

The Middle Persian time period of the Farsi language began after the collapse of the empire of Alexander the Great, when the Persian language developed very slightly during this period. It was mainly used in the religious scripts of the Zoroastrians.

The literature and poetry of many renowned poets characterised the Early Modern period of the Farsi language. This list of poets is extensive, including Khayyam, Rudaki, and Daqiqi. It was also during this period that the language became the commonly spoken language among eastern Islamic nations.

Tehran became the capital of Persia in 1787 when Classical Persian began to change. After this prominent change, the dialect of Tehran became the norm and the foundation of Contemporary Standard Persian.

Farsi Translation Services

Interested in getting your texts and content translated from Farsi to English? Are you a Farsi-speaking organisation that would like to appeal to a more diverse global audience? Would you like to accomplish this by translating your materials into a foreign language?

At Renaissance Translations, we have a team of professional Farsi linguists who can translate your content from Farsi to English. Whether you’re looking for technical translations, proofreading services or DTP of Farsi brochures, our skilled experts can help you get the job done in no time.

Our expert team can also provide professional Farsi translations in a wide range of content types such as Academic, engineering, medical, oil and gas, marketing and many more. Contact us to discuss your specific Farsi to English translation needs.