Thai Language History

The Thai language is the most widely spoken language in Thailand, with approximately 50 million native speakers. It is used by roughly 85% of the Thai population as well as a few hundred people in Singapore, the United Arab Emirates, and the United States.

Thai uses a variety of phrases to show respect or homage, depending on the situation. For example, at the end of a statement, certain parts may be used to convey deference to the individual being addressed, as well as communicate the speaker’s viewpoint regarding what is being described.

Thailand’s economy will remain one of the fastest growing in East Asia for the next several years.

Now let’s dive in to learn more about the Thai language history.

Language of Thailand

Thai, which is sometimes known as Siamese, is a part of the Tai language family. The languages in this family are all part of the larger Austric language group. The spoken Thai language is thought to have emerged in the border region between Vietnam and China, which suggests that the Thai people originated there.

In 1283, the third Sukhothai king, Ramkamhaeng, began using the written Thai Language for inscriptions. This writing system has remained little altered since its inception, so Sukhothai-era inscriptions can be read by contemporary Thai speakers. The Thai language was formed on Pali, Sanskrit, and Indian concepts, as well as many Mon and Khmer words.

Thai Language

The Thai alphabet has a total of forty-four consonants and fifteen basic vowel symbols. These are laid out horizontally from left to right, with no space in between, to form syllables, words, and sentences.

Vowels are placed above, below, before, or after the consonant they affect, although the sound of the syllable always comes first when spoken. Vowel characters (as well as a few consonants) can be combined in a variety of ways to create many composite vowels.

Unlike Chinese, which is based on characters, the Thai language is alphabetic, so the meaning of a term has no bearing on how it should be pronounced (English is also an alphabetic language). Thai, like Chinese and unlike English, is tonal. This means that each word has its own unique pitch quality that must be sounded in The five Thai language tones, which are called mid, low, high, rising, and falling.

Thai grammar is considerably simpler than that of Western languages. The most significant difference is that words are not altered or conjugated for tenses, plurals, genders, or subject-verb agreement. The term “a” and its variations aren’t used, as well.

Tenses, levels of politeness, verb-to-noun conversion, and other language concepts are accomplished with the simple addition of various modifying words (called “particles”) to the basic subject-verb-object format in the Thai language.

Written Thai

Because it lacks inflectional morphology, Thai written may be considered simpler than writing in Western languages, and for many students, this makes up for the extra difficulty of the tones.

Thai written words are not changed or conjugated for tense, person, possession, number (singular/plural), gender, or subject-verb agreement. Determiners in Thai written such as a, an, and the are avoided since they do not exist, therefore linguistic definiteness is conveyed in other ways but usually left underspecified in Thai written.

Thai written is made up of single, immutable syllables. Thai words are compounded to form bigger phrases that enhance the meaning. Particles and other markers such as aspect are utilized to fine-tune the meaning of each word.

In this way, tense, politeness, verb-to-noun conversion, and other linguistic objectives are accomplished with the addition of modifying words to the basic subject-verb-object word order in the Thai language.

Thailand’s official Language

The official language in Thailand is Thai. The Thai language is spoken by over 60 million people, primarily in Thailand, but also in neighboring countries such as Laos, Cambodia, and Myanmar. Thai is a member of the Tai-Kadai language family and belongs to the Austric group of languages.

The Thai official language was first written down in 1283 by King Ramkamhaeng of the Sukhothai dynasty. The writing system has remained largely unchanged since its inception, so ancient Sukhothai inscriptions can still be read by contemporary Thai speakers. The Thai language was formed on the basis of Pali, Sanskrit, and Indian concepts, as well as many Mon and Khmer words.

The Thai language It is taught at all schools and thus nearly everyone can speak it with a reasonable degree of fluency, though some people speak more formal varieties that show a stronger influence of Sanskrit and Pali, the liturgical languages of Thailand.

Thai grammar

Of the world’s languages, the Thailand language  has one of the richest systems of grammatical aspect; the language allows for very detailed elaboration of how events transpire and progress. Because English has a relatively impoverished system of aspect, this can make it difficult to translate sentences such as ปีติกำลังจะเริ่มกินข้าวเสร็จไป in the Thailand language


It is not uncommon for people to struggle with writing in a foreign language, especially the Thai language. With the Thai Language and Thailand’s official language being one, understanding how tense, politeness, verb-to-noun conversion, and other linguistic objectives are accomplished becomes easier when you learn more about this rich system of grammatical aspect. Also, it is important to note that although the written form of the Thai Language may be considered simpler than writing in Western languages, many students struggle with tones.

So don’t worry, if you are struggling to master the Thai language. Thai Language History may help people understand this complex written form along with its official language better, thus becoming truly fluent in it.

Good luck on your journey learning the Thai language!